(b Leith, 3 July 1825; d Feltham, London, 8 March 1904). Scottish painter. He began his career at the Trustees’ Academy, Edinburgh, where he was a pupil of William Allan and Thomas Duncan (1807–45).
In his early twenties he moved to Ireland to take up a teaching post under the Department of Science and Art. He lived in Dublin from 1845 to 1850 and travelled extensively throughout the country. These first years in Ireland coincided with the great famine, and the condition of the rural poor was often reflected in his work. Nicol later resided in London but returned almost annually to Ireland.